Katherine Potter
World History
May 17, 2009
Period 4

Ghana: Education

Malcolm Forbes said, “The purpose of education is to replace an empty mind with an open one”. This statement is how many people through out the world view education. Some of these people include the people of Ghana. Ghana has spent large amounts of money to improve their education throughout the country and help the children have a better outlook on the world and on themselves. Before Ghana was able to self govern themselves, the education for the natives was not a priority in the British’s eyes. Ever since Ghana gained their independence in 1957, the education has improved for the better.

One reason why the education in Ghana has improved is due to the government. The government has made it a main concern to restore the education in Ghana. The government has gone to great lengths to establish the importance of education. They have made Primary and Junior schools mandatory for all children, and they have made it easier on the families for the children going to school by making the schools tuition free (E-Library). Ghana has also built and restored many schools throughout the area. Before liberty in 1957, Ghana had only one university and a couple of primary and junior schools. In 2007 Ghana had a total of 12,130 primary schools, 5,450 junior schools, 503 senior schools, and 5 universities (Ghana Web). This allows the children of Ghana to have a better access to a quality education. Now that the children have better access to education, the government set up ‘Basic Education Sector Improvement Program’ to help the country have to schools stay tuition free and help provide schools supplies and the universal basic education for every child (World bank). The government has set up the education, now it’s all up to the children receiving the education to further themselves.

Another reason why the education in Ghana has enhanced is because of the student’s willingness to learn. Ever since Ghana has taken a stand on improving education, the children have joined in. The literacy rate in Ghana has increased; it is now at 53.7% (E-Library). Although this may be low compared to world standards, it is the highest in West Africa and it is a great accomplishment for the country (Britannica Online Encyclopedia). Because the government has built more schools, it has made it easier for children to get to schools. From 1996-2001 the enrollment of children in Ghana increase by 130,00(World Bank). Some people say that making schools to easy to access leads to having the children become lazy and it wont motivate the children to learn (All Africa). But evidence shows that the children are learning and they are as eager as ever.

Through the evidence that has been stated throughout the essay, it shows that education in Ghana has improved. From back before independence, education was not main concern, today in Ghana it is on of the biggest concerns. This is because education affects everyone. If the education in Ghana keeps on improvement there is no limit to what the people can do. They are setting a new standard in Africa for every country.

 Annotated Bibliography

“Education in Ghana” Ghana Web. May 12, 2009.

              This website helped me with finding information on the schools and how they are ran. It also gave me stats and data on the schools and children.

  Ghana” eLibrary. May 13, 2009.           

This website helped me with finding information on the schools and data on the country literacy rate.

“Ghana” Encyclopedia Britannica. 2009. Encyclopedia Britannica Online. 13 May 2009.
            This website helped me with finding information on the government and the schools. It also gave me some background information on the schools.

  “Ghana on Fast Track to Meet Education Goals” World Bank. February 2007. May 12, 2009,,

              This website helped me with finding information on stats about the children in Ghana and the education in Ghana.

  “Ghana: The Falling Standard of Education” All Africa. April 2009. March 12. 2009.

This website helped me with finding information on the negative view of my topic.